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Forest fires cause major damage in Slovakia. Just remember last year's fire in the Starohorská valley, large fireplace at the calamity areas around Smokovec  in 2005, and large fires in the Slovak Paradise National Park (Gorge Kyseľ  in  1976,  Tri kopce in 2000), which destroyed hundreds of hectares of forest. Fires occur naturally (eg lightning strike), but the vast majority of cases (it is estimated that up to 90%) is the cause of man. Although most fires  is caused by human negligence or intentional arson, increased fire risk is significantly influenced by meteorological parameters. At the time of global climate change, which is reflected in our territory by longer-term drought,  there is the risk of fires and increasing demand for faster and more efficient fire protection.

Regardless of the cause of the fire is for mitigation of fire crucial early signaling, localization and extinction of the  fire. Nowadays, forest fire prevention in Slovakia is provided by a combination of forest patrol and air monitoring while patrols are carried out mainly during the weekends and holidays. Both of these methods are quite effective, but their scope is
  especially financially  limited. related to the increasing topicality of this issue is important to seek and apply alternative methods of monitoring forest fires. The aim is to shorten the reaction time between the emergence of the fire and start of extinquishing the fire for in  conditions of economic efficiency.

Current solving of this issue is supported by the European Union under the regional cooperation INTERREG IVC - project EUFOFINET  (The European Forest Fire Networks Project).


EUFOFINET project is funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the total project budget is  € 2,084,093.00. Project duration is 24 months - from October 2010 to October 2012. Project  has 13 partners from eight EU countries. Coordinator - Lead partner of the project is the Local Union of Municipalities and Town Councils of Attica in Greece. The Slovak Republic is represented by the National Forestry Centre. National contact point of INTERREG scheme in Slovakia is the Ministry of Economy.

Our aim is to improve national and regional policies in eliminating the risk of forest fires, mainly by exchanging experiences in the use of best practices and technologies in practice. Define and optimize the best solutions, which are then used as starting models for adaptation to the conditions of each partner.

Project EUFOFINET defines 5 basic modules for the solution:

1.Strategic procedures of a fire extinction
2.Practical training activities and simulation tools
3.Monitoring - Detection - Prevention
4.Using cartography to define hazards and risks
5.Restoratiobn and revitalization of areas damaged by fire

National Forest Centre is the coordinator - partner  leader for module  'Monitoring - Detection - Prevention. " During the workshop, which will be held in May 2012 in Zvolen, will be presented functioning of the camera monitoring system. The system works as a pilot project since 2008, at the area of forest enterprise Krivan. The project was implemented under the auspices of the Ministry of Agriculture and rural development in cooperation with the state enterprise of forests of the Slovak Republic and the project coordinator was National Forest Centre.

Stationary fire Forestwatch ® system is a system developed by EnviroVision Solution PTY LTD. from South Africa. This system was installing  by ICZ Slovakia at the selected area of ​​a forest enterprise Krivan. This forest enterprise is located in areas with an increased risk of fires, most forest stands are in state ownership, a considerable part of the area is located in the Polana protected landscape area and in terms of morphology is relatively rugged terrain. Territory segmentation was important to verify this system in condition of Slovakia, because this system is operated in a world mostly in lowland areas.

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